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Careers:

- Physics
- Astronomy
- Meteorology
- Medicine
- Law
- Education
- Industry

Physics is recognized internationally as a great foundational degree for many careers including in science, industry, education, business, law, and medicine. Physics explores many of the deeper mysteries of the universe and can lead to a wide range of intriguing career and employment opportunities.

A key focus of UPEI's physics programs is on experiential learning, including opportunities to work with companies and organizations in PEI and across Canada (co-op program) or to work with physics faculty on campus in summer research positions (major and honours programs). These positions are all paid and they give you a chance to experience different types of jobs, workplace settings and employers, and gain important transferable skills, all while you are a physics student at UPEI.

Some of our recent physics graduates have gone on to graduate school, others to medical school, some have received education degrees and are teaching in the school system, some are professors and researchers at Universities, and others are working in industry.

If you are interested in learning more about the Physics programs at UPEI, I would be happy to talk with you to discuss.

Regards,

Dr. Bill Whelan

Chair, Department of Physics

Want more information about Physics? Leave your email address and we'll get in touch!

Careers:

- Physics
- Astronomy
- Meteorology
- Medicine
- Law
- Education
- Industry

The Honours program in Physics is intended to provide research experience at the undergraduate level. It is designed for students who are interested in continuing their studies at the graduate level in Physics or related fields, or who are planning careers where research experience would be an asset.

The Honours program comprises a total of 126 semester hours of course credit, including a research project worth 12 semester hours. A total of at least 60 semester hours of Physics is required (16 courses plus project).

The normal University requirements must be met in addition to the Departmental requirements listed below. Biology 1310-1320 are highly recommended electives.

**First Year**

- Physics 1110-1120
- Mathematics 1910-1920
- Computer Science 1910 OR Engineering 1310
- Chemistry 1110-1120
- Electives (Biology 1310-1320 are highly recommended) (9 semester hours)

**Second Year**

- Physics 2010
- Physics 2020
- Physics 2120
- Physics 2210
- Physics 2820
- Mathematics 2610
- Mathematics 2910
- Electives (9 semester hours)

**Third and Fourth Years**

- Physics 3010
- Physics 3120
- Physics 3220
- Physics 3720
- Physics 4020
- Physics 4120
- Physics 4210
- Physics 4410 OR Physics 4430
- Physics 4900
- Mathematics 3010
- Mathematics 3310, 4710, or 4720
- Electives, at least one of which must be an additional Physics course at the 3000 level or above (21 semester hours)

**ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS**

For admission to the program, students must normally have a minimum average of 70% in all previous courses and a minimum average of 75% in all previous Physics courses.

Acceptance will be contingent upon the student finding a project supervisor, and the Department’s assessment of the student’s suitability for the program. Students interested in doing Honours should consult the Department Chair as early as possible, normally before the beginning of the student’s third year, and no later than January 31 of the third year. Before registering for Physics 4900, the student must have been accepted into the Honours program, and the project topic must be approved by the Department.

To graduate with Honours in Physics, the student must maintain a minimum average of 75% in all Physics courses combined. Students must also maintain a minimum overall average of 70% in each of the four years of study.

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Careers:

- Physics
- Astronomy
- Meteorology
- Medicine
- Law
- Education
- Industry

Students who intend to major in Physics are advised to consult the Department before registration. The normal University requirements must be met in addition to the Departmental requirements listed below. In exceptional cases, courses may be taken in a different sequence provided that the pertinent prerequisites are fulfilled or permission is granted by the Department.

**First Year**

- Physics 1110-1120
- Mathematics 1910-1920
- Chemistry 1110-1120
- Computer Science 1910 OR Engineering 1310)
- Electives (Biology 1310-1320 are highly recommended) (9 semester hours)

**Second Year**

- Physics 2010
- Physics 2020
- Physics 2120
- Physics 2210
- Physics 2820
- Mathematics 2610
- Mathematics 2910
- Electives (9 semester hours)

**Third and Fourth Years**

- Physics 3120
- Physics 3220
- Physics 3720
- Physics 4410 OR Physics 4430
- Physics—Four additional Physics courses taken at the 3000 level or above, but at least one must be above the 3000 level. (12 semester hours)
- Electives (Mathematics 3010 is highly recommended) (33 semester hours)

**REQUIREMENTS FOR A BSC WITH A MAJOR IN PHYSICS FOR ENGINEERING DIPLOMA STUDENTS**

Students enrolled in the Engineering Diploma program may wish to take additional Physics courses and work towards a Bachelor of Science degree. Students intending to enter this program should consult the Physics Department for detailed advice on course selection.

**First Year**

- Physics 1110-1120

**Second Year**

- Physics 2010
- Physics 2020 (for students enrolled in the Engineering Diploma Program, this may be replaced by Engineering 3210)
- Physics 2210
- Physics 2820

**Third and Fourth Years**

- Physics 3120
- Physics—At least seven additional courses taken from the following: Physics 2020 (if not already counted above), 2410, 3010, 3220, 3420, 3610, 3720, 3820, 3910, 4020, 4120, 4140, 4210, 4220, 4410 and Engineering 3420, 3820. At least one of the courses chosen must be at the 4000 level (21 semester hours)

The student must also complete all the requirements for the Engineering Diploma, and take sufficient courses (including Engineering courses) to satisfy the general requirements for a University degree. A total of 120 semester hours of credit is required.

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Careers:

- Physics
- Astronomy
- Meteorology
- Medicine
- Law
- Education
- Industry

Students in the Minor Program in Physics must complete a total of 21 semester hours of Physics including:

- Physics 1110 – 3 hours
- Physics 1120 – 3 hours
- Physics 2210 – 3 hours
- Four additional Physics courses (12 semester hours) at the 2000 level or above.

Students intending to do a Minor in Physics are advised to take Mathematics 1910-1920 instead of 1120.

**MINOR IN BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS**

Students in the Minor Program in Biomedical Physics must complete a total of 21 semester hours of course credit, including these 3 core Physics courses:

General Biomedical Physics for the Life Sciences:

- Physics 1210 Physics for Life Sciences I – 3 hours
- Physics 1220 Physics for Life Sciences II – 3 hours
- Physics 2220 Modern Physics for Life Sciences – 3 hours

In addition, four electives (12 semester hours) must be chosen from the following suite of Physics and Biology courses:

Foundations of Biomedical Physics:

- Physics 2430 (formerly 3310) Physics of the Human Body – 3 hours
- Physics 3420 Introduction to Biomedical Physics – 3 hours
- Physics 3910 Radiation Detection and Measurement – 3 hours
- Physics 3520 (formerly 4420) Biomedical Imaging – 3 hours
- Biology 3530 Human Anatomy and Histology – 3 hours
- Biology 4010 Human Physiology & Pathophysiology – 3 hours

Want more information about Physics? Leave your email address and we'll get in touch!

Careers:

- Physics
- Astronomy
- Meteorology
- Medicine
- Law
- Education
- Industry

The Physics Co-op program consists of eight academic terms and a minimum of four work terms. It is available as an option for students in both the Major and Honours Physics Programs.

See the Co-operative Education in Physics page for complete program details.

Want more information about Physics? Leave your email address and we'll get in touch!

Careers:

- Physics
- Astronomy
- Meteorology
- Medicine
- Law
- Education
- Industry

- William Whelan, Professor, Chair
- Sheldon Opps, Professor
- Douglas C. Dahn, Associate Professor
- Derek W. Lawther, Associate Professor
- James Polson, Associate Professor

Overview

Physics is recognized internationally as a great foundational degree for many careers including in science, industry, education, business, law, and medicine. Physics explores many of the deeper mysteries of the universe and can lead to a wide range of intriguing career and employment opportunities.

A key focus of UPEI's physics programs is on experiential learning, including opportunities to work with companies and organizations in PEI and across Canada (co-op program) or to work with physics faculty on campus in summer research positions (major and honours programs). These positions are all paid and they give you a chance to experience different types of jobs, workplace settings and employers, and gain important transferable skills, all while you are a physics student at UPEI.

Some of our recent physics graduates have gone on to graduate school, others to medical school, some have received education degrees and are teaching in the school system, some are professors and researchers at Universities, and others are working in industry.

If you are interested in learning more about the Physics programs at UPEI, I would be happy to talk with you to discuss.

Regards,

Chair, Department of Physics

Dr. Bill Whelan

Honours

The Honours program in Physics is intended to provide research experience at the undergraduate level. It is designed for students who are interested in continuing their studies at the graduate level in Physics or related fields, or who are planning careers where research experience would be an asset.

The Honours program comprises a total of 126 semester hours of course credit, including a research project worth 12 semester hours. A total of at least 60 semester hours of Physics is required (16 courses plus project).

The normal University requirements must be met in addition to the Departmental requirements listed below. Biology 1310-1320 are highly recommended electives.

**First Year**

- Physics 1110-1120
- Mathematics 1910-1920
- Computer Science 1910 OR Engineering 1310
- Chemistry 1110-1120
- Electives (Biology 1310-1320 are highly recommended) (9 semester hours)

**Second Year**

- Physics 2010
- Physics 2020
- Physics 2120
- Physics 2210
- Physics 2820
- Mathematics 2610
- Mathematics 2910
- Electives (9 semester hours)

**Third and Fourth Years**

- Physics 3010
- Physics 3120
- Physics 3220
- Physics 3720
- Physics 4020
- Physics 4120
- Physics 4210
- Physics 4410 OR Physics 4430
- Physics 4900
- Mathematics 3010
- Mathematics 3310, 4710, or 4720
- Electives, at least one of which must be an additional Physics course at the 3000 level or above (21 semester hours)

**ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS**

For admission to the program, students must normally have a minimum average of 70% in all previous courses and a minimum average of 75% in all previous Physics courses.

Acceptance will be contingent upon the student finding a project supervisor, and the Department’s assessment of the student’s suitability for the program. Students interested in doing Honours should consult the Department Chair as early as possible, normally before the beginning of the student’s third year, and no later than January 31 of the third year. Before registering for Physics 4900, the student must have been accepted into the Honours program, and the project topic must be approved by the Department.

To graduate with Honours in Physics, the student must maintain a minimum average of 75% in all Physics courses combined. Students must also maintain a minimum overall average of 70% in each of the four years of study.

Major

Students who intend to major in Physics are advised to consult the Department before registration. The normal University requirements must be met in addition to the Departmental requirements listed below. In exceptional cases, courses may be taken in a different sequence provided that the pertinent prerequisites are fulfilled or permission is granted by the Department.

**First Year**

- Physics 1110-1120
- Mathematics 1910-1920
- Chemistry 1110-1120
- Computer Science 1910 OR Engineering 1310)
- Electives (Biology 1310-1320 are highly recommended) (9 semester hours)

**Second Year**

- Physics 2010
- Physics 2020
- Physics 2120
- Physics 2210
- Physics 2820
- Mathematics 2610
- Mathematics 2910
- Electives (9 semester hours)

**Third and Fourth Years**

- Physics 3120
- Physics 3220
- Physics 3720
- Physics 4410 OR Physics 4430
- Physics—Four additional Physics courses taken at the 3000 level or above, but at least one must be above the 3000 level. (12 semester hours)
- Electives (Mathematics 3010 is highly recommended) (33 semester hours)

**REQUIREMENTS FOR A BSC WITH A MAJOR IN PHYSICS FOR ENGINEERING DIPLOMA STUDENTS**

Students enrolled in the Engineering Diploma program may wish to take additional Physics courses and work towards a Bachelor of Science degree. Students intending to enter this program should consult the Physics Department for detailed advice on course selection.

**First Year**

- Physics 1110-1120

**Second Year**

- Physics 2010
- Physics 2020 (for students enrolled in the Engineering Diploma Program, this may be replaced by Engineering 3210)
- Physics 2210
- Physics 2820

**Third and Fourth Years**

- Physics 3120
- Physics—At least seven additional courses taken from the following: Physics 2020 (if not already counted above), 2410, 3010, 3220, 3420, 3610, 3720, 3820, 3910, 4020, 4120, 4140, 4210, 4220, 4410 and Engineering 3420, 3820. At least one of the courses chosen must be at the 4000 level (21 semester hours)

The student must also complete all the requirements for the Engineering Diploma, and take sufficient courses (including Engineering courses) to satisfy the general requirements for a University degree. A total of 120 semester hours of credit is required.

Minor

Students in the Minor Program in Physics must complete a total of 21 semester hours of Physics including:

- Physics 1110 – 3 hours
- Physics 1120 – 3 hours
- Physics 2210 – 3 hours
- Four additional Physics courses (12 semester hours) at the 2000 level or above.

Students intending to do a Minor in Physics are advised to take Mathematics 1910-1920 instead of 1120.

**MINOR IN BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS**

Students in the Minor Program in Biomedical Physics must complete a total of 21 semester hours of course credit, including these 3 core Physics courses:

General Biomedical Physics for the Life Sciences:

- Physics 1210 Physics for Life Sciences I – 3 hours
- Physics 1220 Physics for Life Sciences II – 3 hours
- Physics 2220 Modern Physics for Life Sciences – 3 hours

In addition, four electives (12 semester hours) must be chosen from the following suite of Physics and Biology courses:

Foundations of Biomedical Physics:

- Physics 2430 (formerly 3310) Physics of the Human Body – 3 hours
- Physics 3420 Introduction to Biomedical Physics – 3 hours
- Physics 3910 Radiation Detection and Measurement – 3 hours
- Physics 3520 (formerly 4420) Biomedical Imaging – 3 hours
- Biology 3530 Human Anatomy and Histology – 3 hours
- Biology 4010 Human Physiology & Pathophysiology – 3 hours

Co-op

The Physics Co-op program consists of eight academic terms and a minimum of four work terms. It is available as an option for students in both the Major and Honours Physics Programs.

See the Co-operative Education in Physics page for complete program details.

Faculty

- William Whelan, Professor, Chair
- Sheldon Opps, Professor
- Douglas C. Dahn, Associate Professor
- Derek W. Lawther, Associate Professor
- James Polson, Associate Professor

Physics is recognized internationally as a great foundational degree for many careers including in science, industry, education, business, law, and medicine. Physics explores many of the deeper mysteries of the universe and can lead to a wide range of intriguing career and employment opportunities.

A key focus of UPEI's physics programs is on experiential learning, including opportunities to work with companies and organizations in PEI and across Canada (co-op program) or to work with physics faculty on campus in summer research positions (major and honours programs). These positions are all paid and they give you a chance to experience different types of jobs, workplace settings and employers, and gain important transferable skills, all while you are a physics student at UPEI.

Some of our recent physics graduates have gone on to graduate school, others to medical school, some have received education degrees and are teaching in the school system, some are professors and researchers at Universities, and others are working in industry.

If you are interested in learning more about the Physics programs at UPEI, I would be happy to talk with you to discuss.

Regards,

Dr. Bill Whelan

Chair, Department of Physics

The Honours program in Physics is intended to provide research experience at the undergraduate level. It is designed for students who are interested in continuing their studies at the graduate level in Physics or related fields, or who are planning careers where research experience would be an asset.

The Honours program comprises a total of 126 semester hours of course credit, including a research project worth 12 semester hours. A total of at least 60 semester hours of Physics is required (16 courses plus project).

The normal University requirements must be met in addition to the Departmental requirements listed below. Biology 1310-1320 are highly recommended electives.

**First Year**

- Physics 1110-1120
- Mathematics 1910-1920
- Computer Science 1910 OR Engineering 1310
- Chemistry 1110-1120
- Electives (Biology 1310-1320 are highly recommended) (9 semester hours)

**Second Year**

- Physics 2010
- Physics 2020
- Physics 2120
- Physics 2210
- Physics 2820
- Mathematics 2610
- Mathematics 2910
- Electives (9 semester hours)

**Third and Fourth Years**

- Physics 3010
- Physics 3120
- Physics 3220
- Physics 3720
- Physics 4020
- Physics 4120
- Physics 4210
- Physics 4410 OR Physics 4430
- Physics 4900
- Mathematics 3010
- Mathematics 3310, 4710, or 4720
- Electives, at least one of which must be an additional Physics course at the 3000 level or above (21 semester hours)

**ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS**

For admission to the program, students must normally have a minimum average of 70% in all previous courses and a minimum average of 75% in all previous Physics courses.

Acceptance will be contingent upon the student finding a project supervisor, and the Department’s assessment of the student’s suitability for the program. Students interested in doing Honours should consult the Department Chair as early as possible, normally before the beginning of the student’s third year, and no later than January 31 of the third year. Before registering for Physics 4900, the student must have been accepted into the Honours program, and the project topic must be approved by the Department.

To graduate with Honours in Physics, the student must maintain a minimum average of 75% in all Physics courses combined. Students must also maintain a minimum overall average of 70% in each of the four years of study.

Students who intend to major in Physics are advised to consult the Department before registration. The normal University requirements must be met in addition to the Departmental requirements listed below. In exceptional cases, courses may be taken in a different sequence provided that the pertinent prerequisites are fulfilled or permission is granted by the Department.

**First Year**

- Physics 1110-1120
- Mathematics 1910-1920
- Chemistry 1110-1120
- Computer Science 1910 OR Engineering 1310)
- Electives (Biology 1310-1320 are highly recommended) (9 semester hours)

**Second Year**

- Physics 2010
- Physics 2020
- Physics 2120
- Physics 2210
- Physics 2820
- Mathematics 2610
- Mathematics 2910
- Electives (9 semester hours)

**Third and Fourth Years**

- Physics 3120
- Physics 3220
- Physics 3720
- Physics 4410 OR Physics 4430
- Physics—Four additional Physics courses taken at the 3000 level or above, but at least one must be above the 3000 level. (12 semester hours)
- Electives (Mathematics 3010 is highly recommended) (33 semester hours)

**REQUIREMENTS FOR A BSC WITH A MAJOR IN PHYSICS FOR ENGINEERING DIPLOMA STUDENTS**

Students enrolled in the Engineering Diploma program may wish to take additional Physics courses and work towards a Bachelor of Science degree. Students intending to enter this program should consult the Physics Department for detailed advice on course selection.

**First Year**

- Physics 1110-1120

**Second Year**

- Physics 2010
- Physics 2020 (for students enrolled in the Engineering Diploma Program, this may be replaced by Engineering 3210)
- Physics 2210
- Physics 2820

**Third and Fourth Years**

- Physics 3120
- Physics—At least seven additional courses taken from the following: Physics 2020 (if not already counted above), 2410, 3010, 3220, 3420, 3610, 3720, 3820, 3910, 4020, 4120, 4140, 4210, 4220, 4410 and Engineering 3420, 3820. At least one of the courses chosen must be at the 4000 level (21 semester hours)

The student must also complete all the requirements for the Engineering Diploma, and take sufficient courses (including Engineering courses) to satisfy the general requirements for a University degree. A total of 120 semester hours of credit is required.

Students in the Minor Program in Physics must complete a total of 21 semester hours of Physics including:

- Physics 1110 – 3 hours
- Physics 1120 – 3 hours
- Physics 2210 – 3 hours
- Four additional Physics courses (12 semester hours) at the 2000 level or above.

Students intending to do a Minor in Physics are advised to take Mathematics 1910-1920 instead of 1120.

**MINOR IN BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS**

Students in the Minor Program in Biomedical Physics must complete a total of 21 semester hours of course credit, including these 3 core Physics courses:

General Biomedical Physics for the Life Sciences:

- Physics 1210 Physics for Life Sciences I – 3 hours
- Physics 1220 Physics for Life Sciences II – 3 hours
- Physics 2220 Modern Physics for Life Sciences – 3 hours

In addition, four electives (12 semester hours) must be chosen from the following suite of Physics and Biology courses:

Foundations of Biomedical Physics:

- Physics 2430 (formerly 3310) Physics of the Human Body – 3 hours
- Physics 3420 Introduction to Biomedical Physics – 3 hours
- Physics 3910 Radiation Detection and Measurement – 3 hours
- Physics 3520 (formerly 4420) Biomedical Imaging – 3 hours
- Biology 3530 Human Anatomy and Histology – 3 hours
- Biology 4010 Human Physiology & Pathophysiology – 3 hours

The Physics Co-op program consists of eight academic terms and a minimum of four work terms. It is available as an option for students in both the Major and Honours Physics Programs.

See the Co-operative Education in Physics page for complete program details.

- William Whelan, Professor, Chair
- Sheldon Opps, Professor
- Douglas C. Dahn, Associate Professor
- Derek W. Lawther, Associate Professor
- James Polson, Associate Professor

Want more information about Physics? Leave your email address and we'll get in touch!

Careers:

Physics

Astronomy

Meteorology

Medicine

Law

Education

Industry

Example Courses:

PHYS 111 - General Physics

PHYS 251 - Introductory Astronomy

PHYS 322 - Quantum Physics

PHYS 451 - Advanced Mechanics

Course Level:

1000 Level

Courses:

GENERAL PHYSICS I This course emphasizes the fundamentals of mechanics and is intended as a first course in physics for students in the physical sciences and engineering, or who are planning to take Physics courses beyond the first-year level. Topics include vectors, kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, gravitation, circular motion, static equilibrium, moment of inertia, torque, rotational motion, and conservation of energy and momentum. PREREQUISITE: Proficiency in High School algebra, trigonometry and graphing is expected. Grade 12 Physics is required; however, in exceptional cases a student who has not taken Grade 12 Physics but has demonstrated outstanding performance in other High School Math and Science courses may apply to the Department for special permission. It is required that Mathematics 191 be taken at least concurrently. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1110L and Physics 1110T; Math 1910

3 hours credit

GENERAL PHYSICS II This course is a continuation of Physics 1110 and is intended for, but not restricted to, those students who wish to pursue further studies in the physical sciences or engineering. Topics include oscillations, wave motion, sound and light, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and electricity and magnetism. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week NOTE: Students may obtain credit for Physics 1220 or 1120 but not both.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1110, and Mathematics 1910 or permission of the instructor; Math 1920; Physics 1120L; Physics-1120T

3 hours credit

PHYSICS FOR LIFE SCIENCES I This course is intended for life science and health science students. Students are introduced to the fundamental concepts of physics and some of their applications to biological systems. Topics include vectors, kinematics, force, energy and power, torque, linear and angular momentum, and fluid mechanics. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week NOTE: Students may obtain credit in Physics 1210 or 1110, but not in both.

PREREQUISITE: Proficiency in High School algebra, trigonometry and graphing is expected. It is required that Mathematics 1120 or Mathematics 1910 be taken at least concurrently. High school physics is strongly recommended.; Physics 1210L

3 hours credit

PHYSICS FOR LIFE SCIENCES II This course is a continuation of Physics 1210 intended for students in the life sciences, introducing additional physics concepts with emphasis on their application to biology. Topics include properties of waves, acoustics and hearing, optics and vision, thermodynamics, and basic electricity and magnetism. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week NOTE: Students may obtain credit for Physics 1220 or 1120 but not both.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1210 or Physics 1110 and either Mathematics 1120 or Mathematics 1910, or permission of the instructor; Physics 1220L

3 hours credit

LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE Beginning with a history of the evolving scientific thought on Earth's place in the universe, students will learn the fundamental physics and biology concepts necessary to assess what makes a planet and solar system suitable for life. Topics will include current research missions within our solar system, the search for extrasolar planets, the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, and the social implications of discovering life elsewhere. This course is intended for non-science students but science students are welcome to enrol also. Three credit-hour lecture

3 hours credit

Course Level:

2000 Level

Courses:

WAVES AND OSCILLATIONS This course provides a basic introduction to the physics of mechanical waves. It begins with a study of the free, forced and damped harmonic oscillator and is followed by a study of discrete coupled oscillators in one dimension. This is used to derive the one-dimensional wave equation, which is used to study traveling and standing waves in continuous media. The course also provides an introduction to relevant mathematical concepts and methods, including complex numbers, partial derivatives, techniques for solving ordinary and partial differential equations, and Fourier series. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Math 1920, or permission of the instructor; Physics 2010L

3 hours credit

MECHANICS Using a more advanced treatment than in the 1000-level physics courses, this course gives the student a deeper understanding of the principles of mechanics. Topics include: vector kinematics, Newton's laws, momentum, work and energy, rotational motion, and central force motion. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Mathematics 2910, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

Topics include electric field and potential; magnetic field; electromagnetic induction; integral formulations of Gauss' Law, Ampere's Law and Faraday's Law, direct-current and alternating-current circuits; resistance, capacitance, inductance and impedance; frequency response of AC circuits; and electrical measurements. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: Take Math-2910 and Physics 2010 or Physics 2210.; Physics 2120L

3 hours credit

MODERN PHYSICS This course is a survey of the fundamental concepts of modern physics intended for both physics majors and other science majors. Topics include: relativity, photons and matter waves, the photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, the uncertainty principle, quantum tunnelling, the hydrogen atom, line spectra, orbital and spin angular momentum, magnetic dipole moments, x-rays, the laser, electron energy bands in solids, nuclear properties, radioactive decay, fission, fusion, quarks, leptons, and the Big Bang. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Mathematics 1920, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

MODERN PHYSICS FOR LIFE SCIENCES This course is a continuation of Physics 1220 intended for students in the life sciences, introducing additional physics concepts with emphasis on their application to biology and applied clinical physics. Topics include atomic physics, nuclear physics, x-rays, diagnostic nuclear medicine, radiation therapy, nuclear magnetic resonance. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1220 or Physics 1120

3 hours credit

3 hours credit

(formerly PHYS-3310) This course provides students with an introduction to the physics of the human body. Physics concepts such as mechanics, energy, work, fluid statics and dynamics, sound, optics, electricity, and magnetism will be applied to better understand the functioning of the human body. Three hours lecture per week It is highly recommended that at least six semester hours of credit in Biology be completed prior to taking this course.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 or Physics 1220, or permission of the instructor. It is highly recommended that at least 6 semester hours of Biology be completed prior to taking this course.

3 hours credit

ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY This course is directed to both science and non-science students who wish to improve their understanding of this major technological issue. Topics include: the basic concepts necessary to understand photosynthesis, nuclear power, acid deposition, the greenhouse effect, ozone depletion and pollution. Particular emphasis is placed on Canadian and PEI examples, and on the implications for Third World development. Three hours lecture (seminars and/or field visits to be arranged). Restriction: Student must have permission of the department.

3 hours credit

The course is an introduction to fluid dynamics to describe atmospheric and ocean circulation, and interactions with the cryosphere; thermodynamics, cosmic and solar radiation and the global energy balance; physics and role of atmospheric aerosols and clouds in the climate system; instrumentation and measurement physics with a focus on temperature, humidity, pressure and solar radiation; computational physics and modeling of climate properties and processes. Field trips.

PREREQUISITE: Chemistry 1110 and Math-1120 or Math-1910.

3 hours credit

ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION This course is a practical introduction to analog electronics, and to electronic techniques useful in the sciences. Topics include alternating current circuits, transistors, operational amplifier circuits, feedback, noise, and an introduction to computer data acquisition. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2010 or Engineering 3410, and Mathematics 1520, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

CO-OP WORK TERM I-PROFESSIONALISM This course is a co-op students' first work term. Students are required to submit a work-term report. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: PHYS 2840 or permission of the Academic Director of Co-operative Education

3 hours credit

MATHEMATICAL METHOD FOR PHYSICS (FORMERLY 3810) This course is an introduction to some of the mathematical methods commonly used in the physical sciences and engineering, with an emphasis on applications in physics. Topics include: vector calculus in Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates, Cartesian tensors, an introduction to complex variables, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, ordinary and partial differential equations. Cross-listed with Physics (cf. Physics 2820) Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Math 2910 and either Physics 1120 or Physics 1220

3 hours credit

MATHEMATICAL METHODS FOR PHYSICS (FORMERLY 3810) This course is an introduction to some of the mathematical methods commonly used in the physical sciences and engineering, with an emphasis on applications in physics. Topics include: vector calculus in Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates, Cartesian tensors, an introduction to complex variables, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, ordinary and partial differential equations. Cross-listed with Mathematics (cf. Mathematics 2820) Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Math 2910 and either Physics 1120 or Physics 1220

3 hours credit

CO-OP CAREER SKILL I This course offers introductory career skills training to prepare co-op students for their first work term. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Cross-listed with Mathematical and Computational Sciences 284, and Business 292. PREREQUISITE: Acceptance into the Physics Co-operative Education Program. Semester hours of credit: 0

STARS, GALAXIES, AND THE UNIVERSE This course is an introduction to the study of astronomical objects and phenomena. Topics of study include observation of Earth's sky, gravity, light, and its use in astronomical instruments; properties and energy production of our Sun; methods of measuring astronomical distances; the structure, energy, and evolution of stars; interstellar matter and the structure of the Milky Way galaxy; other galaxies; cosmology; and some other related topics of interest. Note: Credit will not be allowed for Physics 2920 if a student has already received credit for Physics 2510 or 2520. Three-credit hour lecture; three-credit hour laboratory or field observations.

PREREQUISITE: A first-year physics course or permission of the instructor; Physics 2920 Lab

3 hours credit

Course Level:

3000 Level

Courses:

ADVANCED MECHANICS (formerly 4510) The Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations are presented as alternatives to the conventional treatment of Newton's laws and are applied to classical problems such as harmonic and anharmonic oscillators, the two-body central force problem, and rigid body motion. Three hours lecture per week.

PREREQUISITE: PHYSICS-2020 AND PHYSICS-2820, OR MATH-3010

3 hours credit

This course develops fundamental concepts in electricity and magnetism. Topics include electric fields and potentials, capacitance, dielectric materials, magnetic fields, magnetic properties of materials, electromagnetic induction, inductance, Maxwell's equations, and an introduction to electromagnetic waves. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Math 2910

3 hours credit

3220 QUANTUM PHYSICS I This course introduces some of the fundamental methods of quantum mechanics. Topics include the postulates and mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics, the Dirac description of quantum mechanics, applications to a variety of one-dimensional problems such as quantum tunnelling, and the harmonic oscillator. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2020, Physics 2210 and Math 2910 or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

INTRODUCTION TO BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS This course provides students with an introduction to physics methods and methodology in medicine. Topics include: basic concepts in medical imaging, optical and fluorescence imaging, lasers in medicine, radiation transport in tissues, nuclear medicine, radiation dosimetry and therapy, and biomedical optics and acoustics applications. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Biology 1310, and Physics 2210 or Physics 2220, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

RESEARCH PROJECT This course allows students majoring in Physics to participate in a research project. Students work under the supervision of a faculty member and are required to write a report describing the work, and give an oral presentation on the work.

PREREQUISITE: Completion of all required 2000-level courses for the Major in Physics. Entry into the course is contingent upon the student finding a faculty member willing to supervise the research and departmental approval of the research proposal.

3 hours credit

BIOMEDICAL IMAGING (formerly 4420) This course concentrates on recent advanced modalities in medical imaging, and includes digital imaging, computed tomography, and digital fluoroscopy, as well as an introduction to bone mineral densitometry and magnetic resonance imaging. Three lecture hours per week.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2210 or Physics 2220, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

SOLID STATE PHYSICS This is an introductory course in Solid State Physics, which covers the basic physics of crystalline solids. Topics include: crystal structures; structure determination by x-ray diffraction; crystal bonding; lattice vibrations and phonons; the free and nearly-free electron models; and the energy band structures of metals, insulators and semiconductors. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2210; Physics 3320 and Physics 3720, or permission of the Department

3 hours credit

PREREQUISITE: PHYS-2020, PHYS-2210, and PHYS-2820

3 hours credit

STATISTICAL PHYSICS I This course provides students with an introduction to the statistical description of macroscopic systems and focuses on both statistical and classical thermodynamics. Topics include the microcanonical and canonical ensembles, the perfect quantal and classical gas, black body radiation, the Einstein and Debye description of solids, and the laws of thermodynamics and some of their consequences and applications. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120, Physics 2820, and Mathematics 2910, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

CO-OP WORK TERM II-SCIENTIFIC WRITING This course is available only to Physics Co-op students, and is an integration of the second work-term experience with the learning of scientific-writing skills. Students are required to submit a draft work-term report in the form of a science publication, then revise it in response to a critique by the Academic Director of Co-operative Education. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3840, or permission of the Academic Director of Co-operative Education

3 hours credit

COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS This course is designed to provide students with direct experience in the use of advanced computer-based techniques for modelling physical systems. A variety of computational techniques are used to study a number of phenomena, including realistic projectile motion, chaotic motion, planetary dynamics, electromagnetism, wave motion, and quantum wave function dynamics. The course also provides an introduction to advanced molecular simulation methods, including Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics techniques. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2020 or Physics 2210, Mathematics 2910, and Computer Science 1510 or Engineering 1320

3 hours credit

CO-OP CAREER SKILLS II This course offers career skills training to strengthen co-op students' readiness for their second work term. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Cross-listed with Mathematical and Computational Sciences 3840, and Business 3920 Semester hours of credit: 0

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2800

RADIATION DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT This course provides students with an understanding of the theory and operation of radiation detectors. Topics include: radiation sources; the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter; the principles of operation and use of gas-filled, scintillation and semiconductor diode detectors; spectroscopy techniques and the use of related electronics; and shielding. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2210 or Physics 2220 or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

Course Level:

4000 Level

Courses:

STATISTICAL PHYSICS II This course builds upon the material presented in Statistical Physics I and covers the basic elements of equilibrium statistical mechanics. Topics include an introduction to the grand canonical ensemble, thermodynamic equilibrium, stability, fluctuations, phase transitions, quantum statistics, and interacting systems. A variety of applications to systems such as ideal gases, Bose gases, Fermi gases, and paramagnets is included. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3220 and Physics 3720

3 hours credit

ELECTROMAGNETISM II This is an advanced course covering classical electromagnetic theory based on Maxwell's equations. Topics include: electro-statics, magnetostatics, solutions to boundary value problems, electric and magnetic properties of materials, electromagnetic wave propagation, electromagnetic radiation, and an introduction to relativistic electrodynamics. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3120

3 hours credit

This course focuses on the fundamentals of optics and photonics with biomedical applications. Topics include energy flow in electromagnetic fields, reflection and transmission, interference and diffraction, optical properties of materials, dispersion and losses, waveguides, spectra and spectral line broadening, partially polarized radiation, lasers and modulators, crystal optics, detectors and couplers. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2010, Physics 3120, and Physics 2820

3 hours credit

QUANTUM PHYSICS II This course further develops the fundamental concepts and methodology of quantum mechanics. Topics include angular momentum, the hydrogen atom, spin, matrix mechanics, and time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theory.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3220 and Physics 2820

3 hours credit

ADVANCED TOPICS IN QUANTUM PHYSICS This is an advanced course in which important physical problems are solved using the basic methods of quantum mechanics. Topics include the quantum mechanics of atoms and molecules, scattering theory, and an introduction to relativistic quantum mechanics. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 4210

3 hours credit

PREREQUISITE: PHYS-3220

3 hours credit

This advanced laboratory course introduces students to all phases of an experimental project, from design, planning, and setup of the apparatus, to detailed analysis and formal presentation of the results. Students perform a small number of in-depth experiments with special emphasis on statistical physics, thermodynamics and solid state physics. One hour lecture, six hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: PHYS-2120 PHYS-3220 PHYS-3720

3 hours credit

EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II This advanced laboratory course introduces students to all phases of an experimental project, from design, planning, and setup of the apparatus, to detailed analysis and formal presentation of the results. Students perform a small number of in-depth experiments with special emphasis on electricity and magnetism, optics and mechanics. One hour lecture, six hours laboratory per week.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2120, Physics 3120, and Physics 3220

3 hours credit

DIRECTED STUDIES These courses are either reading courses, or research projects, which require the students to investigate a specific topic to a much greater depth than is possible in the department's usual course offerings. Three semester hours of credit (See Academic Regulation 9 for Regulations Governing Directed Studies.) Restriction: Student must have at least third year standing in Physics

3 hours credit

DIRECTED STUDIES These courses are either reading courses, or research projects, which require the students to investigate a specific topic to a much greater depth than is possible in the department's usual course offerings. (See Academic Regulation 9 for Regulations Governing Directed Studies.) Restriction: Student must have at least third year standing in Physics

3 hours credit

SPECIAL TOPICS These courses take advantage of unusual opportunities such as the availability of a visiting researcher to teach a course related to his/her field of expertise, or a course offer on an experimental basis, etc. Three semester hours of credit Restriction: Student must have at least third year standing in Physics

3 hours credit

SPECIAL TOPICS These courses take advantage of unusual opportunities such as the availability of a visiting researcher to teach a course related to his/her field of expertise, or a course offer on an experimental basis, etc. Three semester hours of credit Restriction: Student must have at least third year standing in Physics

3 hours credit

PARTICLE PHYSICS This course provides an introduction to the field of particle physics. The course begins with a historical background of elementary particles, followed by a review of relativistic kinematics. A main focus of the course is the development of the Standard Model, including a detailed discussion of the electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces that govern particle interactions. Topics include: conservation laws; symmetries; particle decays, bound states, and scattering processes; and Feynman rules. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3120 and Physics 3220

3 hours credit

GENERAL RELATIVITY This course provides an introduction to the field of general relativity. The course begins with a development of special relativity in tensor form and the introduction of the stress-energy tensor. Essential tensor calculus in relation to curved Riemannian manifolds is developed and the Einstein field equations are introduced. Applications include the structure of stars and black holes, planetary trajectories in strong gravitational fields, and gravitational waves. Three hours lecture per week Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2020, Physics 2210 and Physics 3810

3 hours credit

CO-OP WORK TERM III-SCIENCE COMMUNICATION This course is available only to Physics Co-op students and is an integration of the third work-term experience with the learning of science communication skills. Students are required to submit a work-term report in the form of a science publication, and present their work during a public presentation. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: PHYS 4840 or permission of the Academic Director of Co-operative Education

3 hours credit

CO-OP CAREER SKILLS III This course offers career skills training to strengthen co-op students' readiness for their third work term. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Cross-listed with Mathematical and Computational Sciences 4840 and Business 4920 Semester hours of credit: 0

PREREQUISITE: Phys-3800

ADVANCED RESEARCH AND THESIS The objective of this course is to provide research experience for the student who intends to pursue further studies at the graduate level, or who is planning a career where research experience in Physics or related areas would be an asset. An independent research project is done under the supervision of a faculty advisor. The research results are reported in thesis format and are presented orally at a department seminar. PREREQUISITE: Acceptance into the Honours Physics program Twelve semester hours of credit

6 hours credit

ADVANCED RESEARCH AND THESIS The objective of this course is to provide research experience for the student who intends to pursue further studies at the graduate level, or who is planning a career where research experience in Physics or related areas would be an asset. An independent research project is done under the supervision of a faculty advisor. The research results are reported in thesis format and are presented orally at a department seminar. Twelve semester hours of credit Restriction: Student must be accepted to the Honours Program in Physics NOTE: To receive credit for this course, Physics 49001 and Physics 49002 must be completed consecutively in one academic year.

6 hours credit

ADVANCED RESEARCH AND THESIS The objective of this course is to provide research experience for the student who intends to pursue further studies at the graduate level, or who is planning a career where research experience in Physics or related areas would be an asset. An independent research project is done under the supervision of a faculty advisor. The research results are reported in thesis format and are presented orally at a department seminar. Twelve semester hours of credit Restriction: Student must be accepted to the Honours Program in Physics NOTE: To receive credit for this course, Physics 49001 and Physics 49002 must be completed consecutively in one academic year.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 49001

6 hours credit

GENERAL PHYSICS I This course emphasizes the fundamentals of mechanics and is intended as a first course in physics for students in the physical sciences and engineering, or who are planning to take Physics courses beyond the first-year level. Topics include vectors, kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, gravitation, circular motion, static equilibrium, moment of inertia, torque, rotational motion, and conservation of energy and momentum. PREREQUISITE: Proficiency in High School algebra, trigonometry and graphing is expected. Grade 12 Physics is required; however, in exceptional cases a student who has not taken Grade 12 Physics but has demonstrated outstanding performance in other High School Math and Science courses may apply to the Department for special permission. It is required that Mathematics 191 be taken at least concurrently. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1110L and Physics 1110T; Math 1910

3 hours credit

GENERAL PHYSICS II This course is a continuation of Physics 1110 and is intended for, but not restricted to, those students who wish to pursue further studies in the physical sciences or engineering. Topics include oscillations, wave motion, sound and light, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and electricity and magnetism. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week NOTE: Students may obtain credit for Physics 1220 or 1120 but not both.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1110, and Mathematics 1910 or permission of the instructor; Math 1920; Physics 1120L; Physics-1120T

3 hours credit

PHYSICS FOR LIFE SCIENCES I This course is intended for life science and health science students. Students are introduced to the fundamental concepts of physics and some of their applications to biological systems. Topics include vectors, kinematics, force, energy and power, torque, linear and angular momentum, and fluid mechanics. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week NOTE: Students may obtain credit in Physics 1210 or 1110, but not in both.

PREREQUISITE: Proficiency in High School algebra, trigonometry and graphing is expected. It is required that Mathematics 1120 or Mathematics 1910 be taken at least concurrently. High school physics is strongly recommended.; Physics 1210L

3 hours credit

PHYSICS FOR LIFE SCIENCES II This course is a continuation of Physics 1210 intended for students in the life sciences, introducing additional physics concepts with emphasis on their application to biology. Topics include properties of waves, acoustics and hearing, optics and vision, thermodynamics, and basic electricity and magnetism. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week NOTE: Students may obtain credit for Physics 1220 or 1120 but not both.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1210 or Physics 1110 and either Mathematics 1120 or Mathematics 1910, or permission of the instructor; Physics 1220L

3 hours credit

LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE Beginning with a history of the evolving scientific thought on Earth's place in the universe, students will learn the fundamental physics and biology concepts necessary to assess what makes a planet and solar system suitable for life. Topics will include current research missions within our solar system, the search for extrasolar planets, the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, and the social implications of discovering life elsewhere. This course is intended for non-science students but science students are welcome to enrol also. Three credit-hour lecture

3 hours credit

WAVES AND OSCILLATIONS This course provides a basic introduction to the physics of mechanical waves. It begins with a study of the free, forced and damped harmonic oscillator and is followed by a study of discrete coupled oscillators in one dimension. This is used to derive the one-dimensional wave equation, which is used to study traveling and standing waves in continuous media. The course also provides an introduction to relevant mathematical concepts and methods, including complex numbers, partial derivatives, techniques for solving ordinary and partial differential equations, and Fourier series. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Math 1920, or permission of the instructor; Physics 2010L

3 hours credit

MECHANICS Using a more advanced treatment than in the 1000-level physics courses, this course gives the student a deeper understanding of the principles of mechanics. Topics include: vector kinematics, Newton's laws, momentum, work and energy, rotational motion, and central force motion. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Mathematics 2910, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

Topics include electric field and potential; magnetic field; electromagnetic induction; integral formulations of Gauss' Law, Ampere's Law and Faraday's Law, direct-current and alternating-current circuits; resistance, capacitance, inductance and impedance; frequency response of AC circuits; and electrical measurements. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: Take Math-2910 and Physics 2010 or Physics 2210.; Physics 2120L

3 hours credit

MODERN PHYSICS This course is a survey of the fundamental concepts of modern physics intended for both physics majors and other science majors. Topics include: relativity, photons and matter waves, the photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, the uncertainty principle, quantum tunnelling, the hydrogen atom, line spectra, orbital and spin angular momentum, magnetic dipole moments, x-rays, the laser, electron energy bands in solids, nuclear properties, radioactive decay, fission, fusion, quarks, leptons, and the Big Bang. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Mathematics 1920, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

MODERN PHYSICS FOR LIFE SCIENCES This course is a continuation of Physics 1220 intended for students in the life sciences, introducing additional physics concepts with emphasis on their application to biology and applied clinical physics. Topics include atomic physics, nuclear physics, x-rays, diagnostic nuclear medicine, radiation therapy, nuclear magnetic resonance. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1220 or Physics 1120

3 hours credit

3 hours credit

(formerly PHYS-3310) This course provides students with an introduction to the physics of the human body. Physics concepts such as mechanics, energy, work, fluid statics and dynamics, sound, optics, electricity, and magnetism will be applied to better understand the functioning of the human body. Three hours lecture per week It is highly recommended that at least six semester hours of credit in Biology be completed prior to taking this course.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 or Physics 1220, or permission of the instructor. It is highly recommended that at least 6 semester hours of Biology be completed prior to taking this course.

3 hours credit

ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY This course is directed to both science and non-science students who wish to improve their understanding of this major technological issue. Topics include: the basic concepts necessary to understand photosynthesis, nuclear power, acid deposition, the greenhouse effect, ozone depletion and pollution. Particular emphasis is placed on Canadian and PEI examples, and on the implications for Third World development. Three hours lecture (seminars and/or field visits to be arranged). Restriction: Student must have permission of the department.

3 hours credit

The course is an introduction to fluid dynamics to describe atmospheric and ocean circulation, and interactions with the cryosphere; thermodynamics, cosmic and solar radiation and the global energy balance; physics and role of atmospheric aerosols and clouds in the climate system; instrumentation and measurement physics with a focus on temperature, humidity, pressure and solar radiation; computational physics and modeling of climate properties and processes. Field trips.

PREREQUISITE: Chemistry 1110 and Math-1120 or Math-1910.

3 hours credit

ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION This course is a practical introduction to analog electronics, and to electronic techniques useful in the sciences. Topics include alternating current circuits, transistors, operational amplifier circuits, feedback, noise, and an introduction to computer data acquisition. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2010 or Engineering 3410, and Mathematics 1520, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

CO-OP WORK TERM I-PROFESSIONALISM This course is a co-op students' first work term. Students are required to submit a work-term report. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: PHYS 2840 or permission of the Academic Director of Co-operative Education

3 hours credit

MATHEMATICAL METHOD FOR PHYSICS (FORMERLY 3810) This course is an introduction to some of the mathematical methods commonly used in the physical sciences and engineering, with an emphasis on applications in physics. Topics include: vector calculus in Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates, Cartesian tensors, an introduction to complex variables, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, ordinary and partial differential equations. Cross-listed with Physics (cf. Physics 2820) Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Math 2910 and either Physics 1120 or Physics 1220

3 hours credit

MATHEMATICAL METHODS FOR PHYSICS (FORMERLY 3810) This course is an introduction to some of the mathematical methods commonly used in the physical sciences and engineering, with an emphasis on applications in physics. Topics include: vector calculus in Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates, Cartesian tensors, an introduction to complex variables, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, ordinary and partial differential equations. Cross-listed with Mathematics (cf. Mathematics 2820) Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Math 2910 and either Physics 1120 or Physics 1220

3 hours credit

CO-OP CAREER SKILL I This course offers introductory career skills training to prepare co-op students for their first work term. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Cross-listed with Mathematical and Computational Sciences 284, and Business 292. PREREQUISITE: Acceptance into the Physics Co-operative Education Program. Semester hours of credit: 0

STARS, GALAXIES, AND THE UNIVERSE This course is an introduction to the study of astronomical objects and phenomena. Topics of study include observation of Earth's sky, gravity, light, and its use in astronomical instruments; properties and energy production of our Sun; methods of measuring astronomical distances; the structure, energy, and evolution of stars; interstellar matter and the structure of the Milky Way galaxy; other galaxies; cosmology; and some other related topics of interest. Note: Credit will not be allowed for Physics 2920 if a student has already received credit for Physics 2510 or 2520. Three-credit hour lecture; three-credit hour laboratory or field observations.

PREREQUISITE: A first-year physics course or permission of the instructor; Physics 2920 Lab

3 hours credit

ADVANCED MECHANICS (formerly 4510) The Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations are presented as alternatives to the conventional treatment of Newton's laws and are applied to classical problems such as harmonic and anharmonic oscillators, the two-body central force problem, and rigid body motion. Three hours lecture per week.

PREREQUISITE: PHYSICS-2020 AND PHYSICS-2820, OR MATH-3010

3 hours credit

This course develops fundamental concepts in electricity and magnetism. Topics include electric fields and potentials, capacitance, dielectric materials, magnetic fields, magnetic properties of materials, electromagnetic induction, inductance, Maxwell's equations, and an introduction to electromagnetic waves. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Math 2910

3 hours credit

3220 QUANTUM PHYSICS I This course introduces some of the fundamental methods of quantum mechanics. Topics include the postulates and mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics, the Dirac description of quantum mechanics, applications to a variety of one-dimensional problems such as quantum tunnelling, and the harmonic oscillator. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2020, Physics 2210 and Math 2910 or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

INTRODUCTION TO BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS This course provides students with an introduction to physics methods and methodology in medicine. Topics include: basic concepts in medical imaging, optical and fluorescence imaging, lasers in medicine, radiation transport in tissues, nuclear medicine, radiation dosimetry and therapy, and biomedical optics and acoustics applications. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Biology 1310, and Physics 2210 or Physics 2220, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

RESEARCH PROJECT This course allows students majoring in Physics to participate in a research project. Students work under the supervision of a faculty member and are required to write a report describing the work, and give an oral presentation on the work.

PREREQUISITE: Completion of all required 2000-level courses for the Major in Physics. Entry into the course is contingent upon the student finding a faculty member willing to supervise the research and departmental approval of the research proposal.

3 hours credit

BIOMEDICAL IMAGING (formerly 4420) This course concentrates on recent advanced modalities in medical imaging, and includes digital imaging, computed tomography, and digital fluoroscopy, as well as an introduction to bone mineral densitometry and magnetic resonance imaging. Three lecture hours per week.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2210 or Physics 2220, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

SOLID STATE PHYSICS This is an introductory course in Solid State Physics, which covers the basic physics of crystalline solids. Topics include: crystal structures; structure determination by x-ray diffraction; crystal bonding; lattice vibrations and phonons; the free and nearly-free electron models; and the energy band structures of metals, insulators and semiconductors. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2210; Physics 3320 and Physics 3720, or permission of the Department

3 hours credit

PREREQUISITE: PHYS-2020, PHYS-2210, and PHYS-2820

3 hours credit

STATISTICAL PHYSICS I This course provides students with an introduction to the statistical description of macroscopic systems and focuses on both statistical and classical thermodynamics. Topics include the microcanonical and canonical ensembles, the perfect quantal and classical gas, black body radiation, the Einstein and Debye description of solids, and the laws of thermodynamics and some of their consequences and applications. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120, Physics 2820, and Mathematics 2910, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

CO-OP WORK TERM II-SCIENTIFIC WRITING This course is available only to Physics Co-op students, and is an integration of the second work-term experience with the learning of scientific-writing skills. Students are required to submit a draft work-term report in the form of a science publication, then revise it in response to a critique by the Academic Director of Co-operative Education. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3840, or permission of the Academic Director of Co-operative Education

3 hours credit

COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS This course is designed to provide students with direct experience in the use of advanced computer-based techniques for modelling physical systems. A variety of computational techniques are used to study a number of phenomena, including realistic projectile motion, chaotic motion, planetary dynamics, electromagnetism, wave motion, and quantum wave function dynamics. The course also provides an introduction to advanced molecular simulation methods, including Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics techniques. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2020 or Physics 2210, Mathematics 2910, and Computer Science 1510 or Engineering 1320

3 hours credit

CO-OP CAREER SKILLS II This course offers career skills training to strengthen co-op students' readiness for their second work term. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Cross-listed with Mathematical and Computational Sciences 3840, and Business 3920 Semester hours of credit: 0

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2800

RADIATION DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT This course provides students with an understanding of the theory and operation of radiation detectors. Topics include: radiation sources; the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter; the principles of operation and use of gas-filled, scintillation and semiconductor diode detectors; spectroscopy techniques and the use of related electronics; and shielding. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2210 or Physics 2220 or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

STATISTICAL PHYSICS II This course builds upon the material presented in Statistical Physics I and covers the basic elements of equilibrium statistical mechanics. Topics include an introduction to the grand canonical ensemble, thermodynamic equilibrium, stability, fluctuations, phase transitions, quantum statistics, and interacting systems. A variety of applications to systems such as ideal gases, Bose gases, Fermi gases, and paramagnets is included. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3220 and Physics 3720

3 hours credit

ELECTROMAGNETISM II This is an advanced course covering classical electromagnetic theory based on Maxwell's equations. Topics include: electro-statics, magnetostatics, solutions to boundary value problems, electric and magnetic properties of materials, electromagnetic wave propagation, electromagnetic radiation, and an introduction to relativistic electrodynamics. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3120

3 hours credit

This course focuses on the fundamentals of optics and photonics with biomedical applications. Topics include energy flow in electromagnetic fields, reflection and transmission, interference and diffraction, optical properties of materials, dispersion and losses, waveguides, spectra and spectral line broadening, partially polarized radiation, lasers and modulators, crystal optics, detectors and couplers. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2010, Physics 3120, and Physics 2820

3 hours credit

QUANTUM PHYSICS II This course further develops the fundamental concepts and methodology of quantum mechanics. Topics include angular momentum, the hydrogen atom, spin, matrix mechanics, and time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theory.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3220 and Physics 2820

3 hours credit

ADVANCED TOPICS IN QUANTUM PHYSICS This is an advanced course in which important physical problems are solved using the basic methods of quantum mechanics. Topics include the quantum mechanics of atoms and molecules, scattering theory, and an introduction to relativistic quantum mechanics. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 4210

3 hours credit

PREREQUISITE: PHYS-3220

3 hours credit

This advanced laboratory course introduces students to all phases of an experimental project, from design, planning, and setup of the apparatus, to detailed analysis and formal presentation of the results. Students perform a small number of in-depth experiments with special emphasis on statistical physics, thermodynamics and solid state physics. One hour lecture, six hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: PHYS-2120 PHYS-3220 PHYS-3720

3 hours credit

EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II This advanced laboratory course introduces students to all phases of an experimental project, from design, planning, and setup of the apparatus, to detailed analysis and formal presentation of the results. Students perform a small number of in-depth experiments with special emphasis on electricity and magnetism, optics and mechanics. One hour lecture, six hours laboratory per week.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2120, Physics 3120, and Physics 3220

3 hours credit

DIRECTED STUDIES These courses are either reading courses, or research projects, which require the students to investigate a specific topic to a much greater depth than is possible in the department's usual course offerings. Three semester hours of credit (See Academic Regulation 9 for Regulations Governing Directed Studies.) Restriction: Student must have at least third year standing in Physics

3 hours credit

DIRECTED STUDIES These courses are either reading courses, or research projects, which require the students to investigate a specific topic to a much greater depth than is possible in the department's usual course offerings. (See Academic Regulation 9 for Regulations Governing Directed Studies.) Restriction: Student must have at least third year standing in Physics

3 hours credit

SPECIAL TOPICS These courses take advantage of unusual opportunities such as the availability of a visiting researcher to teach a course related to his/her field of expertise, or a course offer on an experimental basis, etc. Three semester hours of credit Restriction: Student must have at least third year standing in Physics

3 hours credit

3 hours credit

PARTICLE PHYSICS This course provides an introduction to the field of particle physics. The course begins with a historical background of elementary particles, followed by a review of relativistic kinematics. A main focus of the course is the development of the Standard Model, including a detailed discussion of the electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces that govern particle interactions. Topics include: conservation laws; symmetries; particle decays, bound states, and scattering processes; and Feynman rules. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3120 and Physics 3220

3 hours credit

GENERAL RELATIVITY This course provides an introduction to the field of general relativity. The course begins with a development of special relativity in tensor form and the introduction of the stress-energy tensor. Essential tensor calculus in relation to curved Riemannian manifolds is developed and the Einstein field equations are introduced. Applications include the structure of stars and black holes, planetary trajectories in strong gravitational fields, and gravitational waves. Three hours lecture per week Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2020, Physics 2210 and Physics 3810

3 hours credit

CO-OP WORK TERM III-SCIENCE COMMUNICATION This course is available only to Physics Co-op students and is an integration of the third work-term experience with the learning of science communication skills. Students are required to submit a work-term report in the form of a science publication, and present their work during a public presentation. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: PHYS 4840 or permission of the Academic Director of Co-operative Education

3 hours credit

CO-OP CAREER SKILLS III This course offers career skills training to strengthen co-op students' readiness for their third work term. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Cross-listed with Mathematical and Computational Sciences 4840 and Business 4920 Semester hours of credit: 0

PREREQUISITE: Phys-3800

ADVANCED RESEARCH AND THESIS The objective of this course is to provide research experience for the student who intends to pursue further studies at the graduate level, or who is planning a career where research experience in Physics or related areas would be an asset. An independent research project is done under the supervision of a faculty advisor. The research results are reported in thesis format and are presented orally at a department seminar. PREREQUISITE: Acceptance into the Honours Physics program Twelve semester hours of credit

6 hours credit

ADVANCED RESEARCH AND THESIS The objective of this course is to provide research experience for the student who intends to pursue further studies at the graduate level, or who is planning a career where research experience in Physics or related areas would be an asset. An independent research project is done under the supervision of a faculty advisor. The research results are reported in thesis format and are presented orally at a department seminar. Twelve semester hours of credit Restriction: Student must be accepted to the Honours Program in Physics NOTE: To receive credit for this course, Physics 49001 and Physics 49002 must be completed consecutively in one academic year.

6 hours credit

PREREQUISITE: Physics 49001

6 hours credit

GENERAL PHYSICS I This course emphasizes the fundamentals of mechanics and is intended as a first course in physics for students in the physical sciences and engineering, or who are planning to take Physics courses beyond the first-year level. Topics include vectors, kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, gravitation, circular motion, static equilibrium, moment of inertia, torque, rotational motion, and conservation of energy and momentum. PREREQUISITE: Proficiency in High School algebra, trigonometry and graphing is expected. Grade 12 Physics is required; however, in exceptional cases a student who has not taken Grade 12 Physics but has demonstrated outstanding performance in other High School Math and Science courses may apply to the Department for special permission. It is required that Mathematics 191 be taken at least concurrently. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1110L and Physics 1110T; Math 1910

3 hours credit

GENERAL PHYSICS II This course is a continuation of Physics 1110 and is intended for, but not restricted to, those students who wish to pursue further studies in the physical sciences or engineering. Topics include oscillations, wave motion, sound and light, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and electricity and magnetism. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week NOTE: Students may obtain credit for Physics 1220 or 1120 but not both.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1110, and Mathematics 1910 or permission of the instructor; Math 1920; Physics 1120L; Physics-1120T

3 hours credit

PHYSICS FOR LIFE SCIENCES I This course is intended for life science and health science students. Students are introduced to the fundamental concepts of physics and some of their applications to biological systems. Topics include vectors, kinematics, force, energy and power, torque, linear and angular momentum, and fluid mechanics. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week NOTE: Students may obtain credit in Physics 1210 or 1110, but not in both.

PREREQUISITE: Proficiency in High School algebra, trigonometry and graphing is expected. It is required that Mathematics 1120 or Mathematics 1910 be taken at least concurrently. High school physics is strongly recommended.; Physics 1210L

3 hours credit

PHYSICS FOR LIFE SCIENCES II This course is a continuation of Physics 1210 intended for students in the life sciences, introducing additional physics concepts with emphasis on their application to biology. Topics include properties of waves, acoustics and hearing, optics and vision, thermodynamics, and basic electricity and magnetism. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory or tutorial per week NOTE: Students may obtain credit for Physics 1220 or 1120 but not both.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1210 or Physics 1110 and either Mathematics 1120 or Mathematics 1910, or permission of the instructor; Physics 1220L

3 hours credit

LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE Beginning with a history of the evolving scientific thought on Earth's place in the universe, students will learn the fundamental physics and biology concepts necessary to assess what makes a planet and solar system suitable for life. Topics will include current research missions within our solar system, the search for extrasolar planets, the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, and the social implications of discovering life elsewhere. This course is intended for non-science students but science students are welcome to enrol also. Three credit-hour lecture

3 hours credit

WAVES AND OSCILLATIONS This course provides a basic introduction to the physics of mechanical waves. It begins with a study of the free, forced and damped harmonic oscillator and is followed by a study of discrete coupled oscillators in one dimension. This is used to derive the one-dimensional wave equation, which is used to study traveling and standing waves in continuous media. The course also provides an introduction to relevant mathematical concepts and methods, including complex numbers, partial derivatives, techniques for solving ordinary and partial differential equations, and Fourier series. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Math 1920, or permission of the instructor; Physics 2010L

3 hours credit

MECHANICS Using a more advanced treatment than in the 1000-level physics courses, this course gives the student a deeper understanding of the principles of mechanics. Topics include: vector kinematics, Newton's laws, momentum, work and energy, rotational motion, and central force motion. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Mathematics 2910, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

Topics include electric field and potential; magnetic field; electromagnetic induction; integral formulations of Gauss' Law, Ampere's Law and Faraday's Law, direct-current and alternating-current circuits; resistance, capacitance, inductance and impedance; frequency response of AC circuits; and electrical measurements. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: Take Math-2910 and Physics 2010 or Physics 2210.; Physics 2120L

3 hours credit

MODERN PHYSICS This course is a survey of the fundamental concepts of modern physics intended for both physics majors and other science majors. Topics include: relativity, photons and matter waves, the photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, the uncertainty principle, quantum tunnelling, the hydrogen atom, line spectra, orbital and spin angular momentum, magnetic dipole moments, x-rays, the laser, electron energy bands in solids, nuclear properties, radioactive decay, fission, fusion, quarks, leptons, and the Big Bang. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Mathematics 1920, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

MODERN PHYSICS FOR LIFE SCIENCES This course is a continuation of Physics 1220 intended for students in the life sciences, introducing additional physics concepts with emphasis on their application to biology and applied clinical physics. Topics include atomic physics, nuclear physics, x-rays, diagnostic nuclear medicine, radiation therapy, nuclear magnetic resonance. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1220 or Physics 1120

3 hours credit

3 hours credit

(formerly PHYS-3310) This course provides students with an introduction to the physics of the human body. Physics concepts such as mechanics, energy, work, fluid statics and dynamics, sound, optics, electricity, and magnetism will be applied to better understand the functioning of the human body. Three hours lecture per week It is highly recommended that at least six semester hours of credit in Biology be completed prior to taking this course.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 or Physics 1220, or permission of the instructor. It is highly recommended that at least 6 semester hours of Biology be completed prior to taking this course.

3 hours credit

ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY This course is directed to both science and non-science students who wish to improve their understanding of this major technological issue. Topics include: the basic concepts necessary to understand photosynthesis, nuclear power, acid deposition, the greenhouse effect, ozone depletion and pollution. Particular emphasis is placed on Canadian and PEI examples, and on the implications for Third World development. Three hours lecture (seminars and/or field visits to be arranged). Restriction: Student must have permission of the department.

3 hours credit

The course is an introduction to fluid dynamics to describe atmospheric and ocean circulation, and interactions with the cryosphere; thermodynamics, cosmic and solar radiation and the global energy balance; physics and role of atmospheric aerosols and clouds in the climate system; instrumentation and measurement physics with a focus on temperature, humidity, pressure and solar radiation; computational physics and modeling of climate properties and processes. Field trips.

PREREQUISITE: Chemistry 1110 and Math-1120 or Math-1910.

3 hours credit

ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION This course is a practical introduction to analog electronics, and to electronic techniques useful in the sciences. Topics include alternating current circuits, transistors, operational amplifier circuits, feedback, noise, and an introduction to computer data acquisition. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2010 or Engineering 3410, and Mathematics 1520, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

CO-OP WORK TERM I-PROFESSIONALISM This course is a co-op students' first work term. Students are required to submit a work-term report. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: PHYS 2840 or permission of the Academic Director of Co-operative Education

3 hours credit

MATHEMATICAL METHOD FOR PHYSICS (FORMERLY 3810) This course is an introduction to some of the mathematical methods commonly used in the physical sciences and engineering, with an emphasis on applications in physics. Topics include: vector calculus in Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates, Cartesian tensors, an introduction to complex variables, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, ordinary and partial differential equations. Cross-listed with Physics (cf. Physics 2820) Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Math 2910 and either Physics 1120 or Physics 1220

3 hours credit

MATHEMATICAL METHODS FOR PHYSICS (FORMERLY 3810) This course is an introduction to some of the mathematical methods commonly used in the physical sciences and engineering, with an emphasis on applications in physics. Topics include: vector calculus in Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates, Cartesian tensors, an introduction to complex variables, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, ordinary and partial differential equations. Cross-listed with Mathematics (cf. Mathematics 2820) Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Math 2910 and either Physics 1120 or Physics 1220

3 hours credit

CO-OP CAREER SKILL I This course offers introductory career skills training to prepare co-op students for their first work term. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Cross-listed with Mathematical and Computational Sciences 284, and Business 292. PREREQUISITE: Acceptance into the Physics Co-operative Education Program. Semester hours of credit: 0

STARS, GALAXIES, AND THE UNIVERSE This course is an introduction to the study of astronomical objects and phenomena. Topics of study include observation of Earth's sky, gravity, light, and its use in astronomical instruments; properties and energy production of our Sun; methods of measuring astronomical distances; the structure, energy, and evolution of stars; interstellar matter and the structure of the Milky Way galaxy; other galaxies; cosmology; and some other related topics of interest. Note: Credit will not be allowed for Physics 2920 if a student has already received credit for Physics 2510 or 2520. Three-credit hour lecture; three-credit hour laboratory or field observations.

PREREQUISITE: A first-year physics course or permission of the instructor; Physics 2920 Lab

3 hours credit

ADVANCED MECHANICS (formerly 4510) The Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations are presented as alternatives to the conventional treatment of Newton's laws and are applied to classical problems such as harmonic and anharmonic oscillators, the two-body central force problem, and rigid body motion. Three hours lecture per week.

PREREQUISITE: PHYSICS-2020 AND PHYSICS-2820, OR MATH-3010

3 hours credit

This course develops fundamental concepts in electricity and magnetism. Topics include electric fields and potentials, capacitance, dielectric materials, magnetic fields, magnetic properties of materials, electromagnetic induction, inductance, Maxwell's equations, and an introduction to electromagnetic waves. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120 and Math 2910

3 hours credit

3220 QUANTUM PHYSICS I This course introduces some of the fundamental methods of quantum mechanics. Topics include the postulates and mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics, the Dirac description of quantum mechanics, applications to a variety of one-dimensional problems such as quantum tunnelling, and the harmonic oscillator. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2020, Physics 2210 and Math 2910 or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

INTRODUCTION TO BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS This course provides students with an introduction to physics methods and methodology in medicine. Topics include: basic concepts in medical imaging, optical and fluorescence imaging, lasers in medicine, radiation transport in tissues, nuclear medicine, radiation dosimetry and therapy, and biomedical optics and acoustics applications. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Biology 1310, and Physics 2210 or Physics 2220, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

RESEARCH PROJECT This course allows students majoring in Physics to participate in a research project. Students work under the supervision of a faculty member and are required to write a report describing the work, and give an oral presentation on the work.

PREREQUISITE: Completion of all required 2000-level courses for the Major in Physics. Entry into the course is contingent upon the student finding a faculty member willing to supervise the research and departmental approval of the research proposal.

3 hours credit

BIOMEDICAL IMAGING (formerly 4420) This course concentrates on recent advanced modalities in medical imaging, and includes digital imaging, computed tomography, and digital fluoroscopy, as well as an introduction to bone mineral densitometry and magnetic resonance imaging. Three lecture hours per week.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2210 or Physics 2220, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

SOLID STATE PHYSICS This is an introductory course in Solid State Physics, which covers the basic physics of crystalline solids. Topics include: crystal structures; structure determination by x-ray diffraction; crystal bonding; lattice vibrations and phonons; the free and nearly-free electron models; and the energy band structures of metals, insulators and semiconductors. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2210; Physics 3320 and Physics 3720, or permission of the Department

3 hours credit

PREREQUISITE: PHYS-2020, PHYS-2210, and PHYS-2820

3 hours credit

STATISTICAL PHYSICS I This course provides students with an introduction to the statistical description of macroscopic systems and focuses on both statistical and classical thermodynamics. Topics include the microcanonical and canonical ensembles, the perfect quantal and classical gas, black body radiation, the Einstein and Debye description of solids, and the laws of thermodynamics and some of their consequences and applications. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 1120, Physics 2820, and Mathematics 2910, or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

CO-OP WORK TERM II-SCIENTIFIC WRITING This course is available only to Physics Co-op students, and is an integration of the second work-term experience with the learning of scientific-writing skills. Students are required to submit a draft work-term report in the form of a science publication, then revise it in response to a critique by the Academic Director of Co-operative Education. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3840, or permission of the Academic Director of Co-operative Education

3 hours credit

COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS This course is designed to provide students with direct experience in the use of advanced computer-based techniques for modelling physical systems. A variety of computational techniques are used to study a number of phenomena, including realistic projectile motion, chaotic motion, planetary dynamics, electromagnetism, wave motion, and quantum wave function dynamics. The course also provides an introduction to advanced molecular simulation methods, including Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics techniques. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2020 or Physics 2210, Mathematics 2910, and Computer Science 1510 or Engineering 1320

3 hours credit

CO-OP CAREER SKILLS II This course offers career skills training to strengthen co-op students' readiness for their second work term. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Cross-listed with Mathematical and Computational Sciences 3840, and Business 3920 Semester hours of credit: 0

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2800

RADIATION DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT This course provides students with an understanding of the theory and operation of radiation detectors. Topics include: radiation sources; the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter; the principles of operation and use of gas-filled, scintillation and semiconductor diode detectors; spectroscopy techniques and the use of related electronics; and shielding. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2210 or Physics 2220 or permission of the instructor

3 hours credit

STATISTICAL PHYSICS II This course builds upon the material presented in Statistical Physics I and covers the basic elements of equilibrium statistical mechanics. Topics include an introduction to the grand canonical ensemble, thermodynamic equilibrium, stability, fluctuations, phase transitions, quantum statistics, and interacting systems. A variety of applications to systems such as ideal gases, Bose gases, Fermi gases, and paramagnets is included. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3220 and Physics 3720

3 hours credit

ELECTROMAGNETISM II This is an advanced course covering classical electromagnetic theory based on Maxwell's equations. Topics include: electro-statics, magnetostatics, solutions to boundary value problems, electric and magnetic properties of materials, electromagnetic wave propagation, electromagnetic radiation, and an introduction to relativistic electrodynamics. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3120

3 hours credit

This course focuses on the fundamentals of optics and photonics with biomedical applications. Topics include energy flow in electromagnetic fields, reflection and transmission, interference and diffraction, optical properties of materials, dispersion and losses, waveguides, spectra and spectral line broadening, partially polarized radiation, lasers and modulators, crystal optics, detectors and couplers. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2010, Physics 3120, and Physics 2820

3 hours credit

QUANTUM PHYSICS II This course further develops the fundamental concepts and methodology of quantum mechanics. Topics include angular momentum, the hydrogen atom, spin, matrix mechanics, and time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theory.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3220 and Physics 2820

3 hours credit

ADVANCED TOPICS IN QUANTUM PHYSICS This is an advanced course in which important physical problems are solved using the basic methods of quantum mechanics. Topics include the quantum mechanics of atoms and molecules, scattering theory, and an introduction to relativistic quantum mechanics. Three hours lecture per week

PREREQUISITE: Physics 4210

3 hours credit

PREREQUISITE: PHYS-3220

3 hours credit

This advanced laboratory course introduces students to all phases of an experimental project, from design, planning, and setup of the apparatus, to detailed analysis and formal presentation of the results. Students perform a small number of in-depth experiments with special emphasis on statistical physics, thermodynamics and solid state physics. One hour lecture, six hours laboratory per week

PREREQUISITE: PHYS-2120 PHYS-3220 PHYS-3720

3 hours credit

EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II This advanced laboratory course introduces students to all phases of an experimental project, from design, planning, and setup of the apparatus, to detailed analysis and formal presentation of the results. Students perform a small number of in-depth experiments with special emphasis on electricity and magnetism, optics and mechanics. One hour lecture, six hours laboratory per week.

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2120, Physics 3120, and Physics 3220

3 hours credit

DIRECTED STUDIES These courses are either reading courses, or research projects, which require the students to investigate a specific topic to a much greater depth than is possible in the department's usual course offerings. Three semester hours of credit (See Academic Regulation 9 for Regulations Governing Directed Studies.) Restriction: Student must have at least third year standing in Physics

3 hours credit

DIRECTED STUDIES These courses are either reading courses, or research projects, which require the students to investigate a specific topic to a much greater depth than is possible in the department's usual course offerings. (See Academic Regulation 9 for Regulations Governing Directed Studies.) Restriction: Student must have at least third year standing in Physics

3 hours credit

3 hours credit

3 hours credit

PARTICLE PHYSICS This course provides an introduction to the field of particle physics. The course begins with a historical background of elementary particles, followed by a review of relativistic kinematics. A main focus of the course is the development of the Standard Model, including a detailed discussion of the electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces that govern particle interactions. Topics include: conservation laws; symmetries; particle decays, bound states, and scattering processes; and Feynman rules. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: Physics 3120 and Physics 3220

3 hours credit

GENERAL RELATIVITY This course provides an introduction to the field of general relativity. The course begins with a development of special relativity in tensor form and the introduction of the stress-energy tensor. Essential tensor calculus in relation to curved Riemannian manifolds is developed and the Einstein field equations are introduced. Applications include the structure of stars and black holes, planetary trajectories in strong gravitational fields, and gravitational waves. Three hours lecture per week Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: Physics 2020, Physics 2210 and Physics 3810

3 hours credit

CO-OP WORK TERM III-SCIENCE COMMUNICATION This course is available only to Physics Co-op students and is an integration of the third work-term experience with the learning of science communication skills. Students are required to submit a work-term report in the form of a science publication, and present their work during a public presentation. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Semester hours of credit: 3

PREREQUISITE: PHYS 4840 or permission of the Academic Director of Co-operative Education

3 hours credit

CO-OP CAREER SKILLS III This course offers career skills training to strengthen co-op students' readiness for their third work term. Students are assessed on a pass/fail basis. Cross-listed with Mathematical and Computational Sciences 4840 and Business 4920 Semester hours of credit: 0

PREREQUISITE: Phys-3800

ADVANCED RESEARCH AND THESIS The objective of this course is to provide research experience for the student who intends to pursue further studies at the graduate level, or who is planning a career where research experience in Physics or related areas would be an asset. An independent research project is done under the supervision of a faculty advisor. The research results are reported in thesis format and are presented orally at a department seminar. PREREQUISITE: Acceptance into the Honours Physics program Twelve semester hours of credit

6 hours credit

6 hours credit

PREREQUISITE: Physics 49001

6 hours credit