Dr. Bissessur’s research includes the development of nanocomposites for use in lithium rechargeable batteries like those found in cell phones. He also studies the use of specific types of nanocomposites to help remove sulfur from petroleum products which would lead to lower processing costs and reduce sulfur oxide emissions into the environment.
Nanocomposite Materials and Polymer Chemistry
1997-1998 Laval University
1994-1996 Northwestern University
2011 Annual Award for Outstanding Scholarly Achievement at UPEI
2011 UPEI Student Union Faculty of the Year Award in Recognition for Excellence in Teaching
2007 UPEI Hessian Annual Award for Excellence in Teaching
2003 UPEI Annual Award for Outstanding Scholarly Achievement
2003 IUPAC International Conference Travel Award
One aspect of my research program is to synthesize novel intercalation compounds of solid polymer electrolytes such as poly[oxymethylene-(oxyethylene)], (POMOE) and poly[bis-(methoxyethoxyethoxy)phosphazene] (MEEP) into layered structures such as titanium disulfide and graphite. The resulting nanocomposite materials could function both as cathodes and as solid electrolytes. Hence, they could potentially be used in lithium solid state rechargeable batteries. Because of the lightweight of the polymer, the layered structure and lithium, high energy density and high power density could be derived from such batteries which could potentially be used for the propulsion of electric vehicles. This could therefore lead to the reduction of our consumption of fossil fuel and at the same time to the reduction of SOx and NOx emissions.
Another focus of my research program is on the synthesis and characterization of soluble polyanilines. Polyaniline has been known for more than a century. It is electrically conductive. However, it is not soluble in common organic solvents, which means that it could not be easily processed into thin films, drawn into fibers or molded into parts. Polyanilines with alkyl groups such as C2H5, C3H7, C4H9 and C5H11 occupying the ortho-position of the benzene ring will give rise to a series of polymers that are expected to be both electrically conductive as well as soluble in common organic solvents. The solubility of these polymers will facililate their processing for various applications such as in the fabrication of “smart windows”, electronic barriers to corrosion and components in solar cell systems.
I am also currently developing novel catalytic materials that could be used for the hydrodesulfurization (HDS) process. These novel catalysts could improve the efficiency of the HDS process, providing cost savings to the industry in fossil fuel processing, as well as a reduction to SOx emission. The catalysts are being prepared by the intercalation of macrocycles into molybdenum disulfide.
Current Openings for Masters Students
There are currently openings for Masters students in the Bissessur lab. Research in this group focusses on the synthesis of conductive polymers and their intercalation into layered hosts. Such systems could have potential application in lithium rechargeable batteries.
Students working in the Bissessur group will gain hands-on experience with the manipulation of air sensitive materials, and characterization tools such as NMR, FTIR, powder X-ray diffractometery, diffential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis and electrical conductivity measurements.
Students graduating with a Master's degree from UPEI will be well-rounded to pursue a Ph.D. degree or challenging career in industry/government lab. A highly competitive stipend is offered to Master's students.
For more information on opportunities that are available in this group, feel free to e-mail me.
Journal of Materials Science, 2012, 47, 5861-5866. Nanocomposite materials based on chitosan and molybdenum disulfide. I. Saada and R. Bissessur.
Solid State Ionics, 2012, 227, 1-9. A bilayer insertion of poly(oxymethylene-oxyethylene) into vanadium pentoxide xerogel: preparation, characterization and insertion mechanism. E. Monyoncho, R. Bissessur, V. Trenton and D. C. Dahn.
European Polymer Journal, 2012, 48, 1525-1537. Synthesis and characterization of poly(ethylene glycol amine) electrolytes and nanocomposites based on graphite. D. J. Cameron, R. Bissessur and D. C. Dahn.
Polymer Nanocomposite Materials Based on Carbon Nanotubes. A. J. Proud, R. Bissessur and D. C. Dahn, In Nanocomposites and Polymers with Analytical Methods, J. Cuppoletti (Ed.). Publisher: Intech Open Access, 2011 (Invited Book Chapter)
Solid State Ionics, 2010, 181, 933-938. In situ polymerization/intercalation of substituted anilines into iron (III) oxychloride. S. F. Scully, R. Bissessur, D. C. Dahn and G. Xie
Applied Clay Science, 2010, 47, 444-447. Encapsulation of polymer electrolytes into hectorite. S. F. Scully and R. Bissessur
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2010, 122, 563-566. Inclusion of a cobalt tetraazamacrocycle into layered molybdenum disulfide. R. Bissessur, R. I. Haines, D. Gallant, R. Brüning.
A. Eftekhari (Ed.) Publisher: John Wiley, 2010. (Invited Book Chapter). Inorganic-based nanocomposites of conductive polymers, In Nanostructured Conductive Polymers, R. Bissessur.
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2009, 117, 335-337. Nanomaterials based on molybdenum diselenide. R. Bissessur and H. Xu.
Solid State Ionics, 2009, 180, 216-221. Inclusion of poly[bis(methoxyethoxyethoxy)phosphazene] into layered graphite oxide. S. F. Scully and R. Bissessur, K. W. MacLean and D. C. Dahn.
Synthetic Metals, 2009, 159, 637-641. An intercalated polyaniline-titanate nanomaterial. S. F. Scully and R. Bissessur.
Thermochimica Acta, 2009, 490, 32-36. Decomposition kinetics of nylon-6/graphite and nylon-6/graphite oxide composites. K. Scully and R. Bissessur.
Composites Science and Technology, 2008, 68, 617-624. Synthesis and characterization of novel (amide-imide)-silica composites. K. Babooram, B. Francis, R. Bissessur, and R. Narain.
Materials Letters, 2008, 62, 1638-1641. Exfoliation and reconstruction of SnS2 layers: A synthetic route for the preparation polymer-SnS2 nanomaterials. R. Bissessur and D. F. Schipper.
Polymer Preprints: American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 2007, 48(1), 296-297. In-situ formation of (amide-imide)-silica composites by K. Babooram, B. Francis, R. Bissessur and R. Narain. the sol-gel process.
Polymer Preprints: American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 2007, 48(1), 331-332. B. Francis, K. Babooram, R. Bissessur, R. Subramanian and R. Narain. Synthesis and characterization of random copolyimides.
Solid State Ionics, 2007, 178, 877-882. Intercalation of solid polymer electrolytes into graphite oxide. R. Bissessur and S. F. Scully.
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2007, 106, 256-259. Synthesis and characterization of halo-substituted polyanilines/VOPO4 nanocomposites. R. Bissessur and J. MacDonald.
Macromolecules, 2006, 39, 5364-5370. Zinc coordination of carboxylate surfactomesogens to poly(4-vinylpyridine). M. Benouazzane, E. Bravo-Grimaldo, R. Bissessur and C. G. Bazuin.
Synthetic Metals, 2006, 156, 1023-1027. Intercalation of polypyrrole into graphite oxide.
R. Bissessur, P. K. Y. Liu and S. F. Scully.
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2006, 99, 214-219. Novel alkyl substituted polyanilines/molybdenum disulfide nanocomposites. R. Bissessur and W. White.
Solid State Sciences, 2006, 8, 531-536. Novel alkyl substituted polyanilines/VOPO4 nanocomposites. R. Bissessur and J. MacDonald.
Langmuir, 2006, 22, 1729-1734. Encapsulation of polyanilines into graphite oxide.
R. Bissessur, P. K. Y. Liu, W. White and S. F. Scully.
Solid State Ionics, 2006, 177, 191-196. Direct insertion of polypyrrole into molybdenum disulfide. R. Bissessur and P. K.Y. Liu.
Materials Letters, 2006, 60, 248-251. Electrical characterization of conductive polymers and their intercalated nanocomposites with molybdenum disulfide. R. Bissessur, W. White and D. C. Dahn.
Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 2005, 847, EE9.34.1 - EE9.34.6. The structure of a molybdenum disulfide intercalation compound. R. Brüning, K. Bulmer, R. Bissessur, R. I. Haines, P. Varma and S. Emeneau
Journal of Materials Science, 2004, 39, 119 - 125. Novel pyrene and 8-anilino-1-napthalenesulfonic acid-MoS2 intercalates. R. Bissessur, B. D. Wagner and R. Brüning.
Solid State Ionics, 2003, 158, 205-209. New poly[bis-(methoxyethoxyethoxy)phosphazene]-MoS2 nanocomposite. R. Bissessur, D. Gallant and R. Brüning.
Journal of Materials Science Letters, 2003, 22, 429-431. Novel intercalation compound of poly[oligo(ethylene glycol)-oxalate] in molybdenum disulfide. R. Bissessur, D. Gallant and R. Brüning.
Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2003, 13, 44-49. Intercalation of tetraazamacrocycles into molybdenum disulfide. R. Bissessur, R. I. Haines and R. Brüning
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2003, 82, 316-320. Novel nanocomposite material consisting of poly[oxymethylene-(oxyethylene)] and molybdenum disulfide. R. Bissessur, D. Gallant and R. Brüning.
Chemical Communications, 2001, 17, 1598-1599. Intercalation of a pendant-arm tetraazamacrocycle into molybdenum disulfide. R. Bissessur, R. I. Haines, D. R. Hutchings and R. Brüning.
Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 1997, 457, 489-494. Enhancement of ion mobility in aluminosilicate-polyphosphazene nanocomposites. J. C. Hutchison, R. Bissessur and D. F. Shriver.
Chemistry of Materials, 1996, 8, 318-320. Towards pillared layered metal sulfides. Intercalation of the chalcogenide clusters Co6Q8(PR3)6 [Q = S, Se, Te and R = alkyl] into MoS2. R. Bissessur, J. Heising, W. Hirpo and M. G. Kanatzidis.
American Chemical Society Symposium Series on "Nanotechnology - Molecularly Designed Materials" 1996, 622, 262-272. New polyphosphazene-clay and cryptand-clay intercalates. J.C. Hutchison, R. Bissessur and D. F. Shriver.
Chemistry of Materials, 1996, 8, 1597-1599. Conductivity anisotropy of polyphosphazene-montmorillonite composite electrolytes. J. C. Hutchison, R. Bissessur and D. F. Shriver.
Proceedings of Am. Chem. Soc. Div. Polym. Mater.: Science and Engineering, 1995, 75, 167-168. Synthesis, characterization, and A.C-impedance measurements on new polyphosphazene-clay and cryptand-clay intercalates. J. C. Hutchison, R. Bissessur and D. F. Shriver.
Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, 1994, 245, 249-254. Nanoscale composites formed by encapsulation of polymers into MoS2. From conjugated polymers to plastics. Detection of metal to insulator transition. R. Bissessur, J. L. Schindler, C. R. Kannewurf and M.G. Kanatzidis.
Journal of Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 1993, 8, 687-689. Inclusion of poly(aniline) into MoO3. R. Bissessur, D. C. DeGroot, J. L. Schindler, C. R. Kannewurf and M. G. Kanatzidis.
Chemistry of Materials, 1993, 5, 595-596. New intercalation compounds of conjugated polymers. Encapsulation of polyaniline in MoS2. M. Kanatzidis, R. Bissessur, D. C. DeGroot, J. L. Schindler, and C. R. Kannewurf.
Journal of Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 1993, 20 , 1582-1585. Encapsulation of polymers into MoS2 and metal to insulator transition in metastable MoS2. R. Bissessur, J. L. Schindler, C. R. Kannewurf and M.G. Kanatzidis.
Bruker AXS, 2007 Excellence in X-ray Diffraction Papers, Intercalation Compounds of Molybdenum Diselenide. Hao Xu and Rabin Bissessur.
National Research Council Canada, Canadian Neutron Beam Centre, Annual Report 05-06, 97- 98. The structure of a MoS2-Macrocycle Intercalation Compound. R. Brüning, R. Bissessur, R. I. Haines and S. Emeneau
D. Finocchio, K. Sveinson, R. Bissessur. Study guide to accompany Chemistry Second Edition. Publisher: Wiley, 2013
R. Bissessur, G. Loppnow, N. Mosey, J. Carran and J. Chik. Chemistry: Student Activity, Chemical Reactivity, Strategies, Skills, Activities for Student Success to accompany Chemistry: Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity. Publisher: Nelson Education, 2011.
R. Bissessur. Instructor’s Guide to Classroom Engagement to accompany Chemistry: Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity. Publisher: Nelson Education, 2011.